Chitta Ranjan Dutta
Chitta Ranjan Dutta, Bir Uttom (born 1 January 1927), also known as C R Dutta, is a Bangladeshi war hero and retired Major-General of the Bangladesh Army. He was a key sector commander of the Mukti Bahini during the Bangladesh Liberation War. After independence, he served as the armed forces commander in Rangpur and later went on to become the first Director-General of the Bangladesh Rifles (present-day Border Guards Bangladesh) in 1973.
Today, Dutta is a prominent minority rights advocate in Bangladesh. He is also the president of the Bangladesh Hindu Buddhist Christian Unity Council.
Dutta was born on 1 January 1927 to Upendra Chandra Dutta and Labanyaprabha Dutta. The ancestral village of Dutta of Mirashi was in erstwhile Sylhet district, presently in Chunarughat Upazila of Habiganj District in Sylhet Division of Bangladesh. His father was a police officer posted in Shillong, the then capital of Assam in British India and so he was born in Shillong. He started his schooling in Laban Government High School in Shillong, but moved to Habiganj after second grade. In 1944, he appeared for Entrance from Habiganj Government High School. Later he took admission at Asutosh College of the University of Calcutta in science. However, he left Asutosh College and completed his B.Sc. from Daulatpur College in Khulna.
In 1947, Dutta joined the Pakistan Army from the last unified batch of the Indian Military Academy. He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in a Piffer unit with a majority of Punjabi Muslim & Pathan jawans. He was one of the few Hindu officers to opt for Pakistan. During the 1950s & 1960s, he commanded a Rifles Platoon and an Infantry Company, but did not get command of a Combat Arms Battalion as was the unofficial practice in Pakistan Army toward Hindu officers. For a time he was the GSO-II in a Paramilitary Rangers Brigade. During the 1965 Indo-Pakistan War, then Lt. Col Dutta served as a Battalion Commander in the East Pakistan Rifles. In 1971, Colonel Dutta was serving as GSO-II (Ops) of the 12th Infantry Division at Muzaffarabad. In January 1971, he had taken a three-month leave and was staying at his Habiganj residence.HYPERLINK “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chitta_Ranjan_Dutta” After Mujibur Rahman’s 7 March speech, Dutta mentally prepared himself for a possible war. However, as the Pakistani occupation army launched the Operation Searchlight, Dutta wasn’t initially aware of the widespread repression and torture. At that time he attended a meeting of the political leaders at the house of his neighbour Colonel Abdur Rab. Following the meeting, Dutta decided to fight for the independence of Bangladesh. During the Bangladesh Liberation War, Dutta became the sector commander of Sector 4, which covered the whole of the present Sylhet Division and some of adjoining areas. After the war, in 1972, Dutta was appointed as brigade commander in Rangpur. In 1973, formed the Bangladesh Rifles. He became the first Director General of Bangladesh Rifles.